Militarily speaking, the Spanish-American War of was so brief and relatively bloodless as to have been a mere passing episode in the history of modern warfare. Its political and diplomatic consequences, however, were enormous: The Cuban conflict was injurious to U. On the insurgent side, the war was waged largely against property and led to the destruction of sugarcane and sugar mills.
Cuban War of Independence The first serious bid for Cuban independence, the Ten Years' Warerupted in and was subdued by the authorities a decade later. With a quick victory effectively lost, the revolutionaries settled in to fight a protracted guerrilla campaign.
Campos's reluctance to accept his new assignment and his method of containing the revolt to the province of Oriente earned him criticism in the Spanish press.
Weyler deprived the insurgency of weaponry, supplies, and assistance by ordering the residents of some Cuban districts to move to reconcentration areas near the military headquarters. In the United States, this fueled the fire of anti-Spanish propaganda. He even said this "was not civilized warfare" but "extermination".
Upper text reads in old Catalan: The Spanish Government regarded Cuba as a province of Spain rather than a colony, and depended on it for prestige and trade, and as a training ground for the army.
He was assassinated in by Italian anarchist Michele Angiolillo leaving a Spanish political system that was not stable and could not risk a blow to its prestige. Presidency of William McKinley The eruption of the Cuban revolt, Weyler's measures, and the popular fury these events whipped up proved to be a boon to the newspaper industry in New York City, where Joseph Pulitzer of the New York World and William Randolph Hearst of the New York Journal recognized the potential for great headlines and stories that would sell copies.
Both papers denounced Spain, but had little influence outside New York. American opinion generally saw Spain as a hopelessly backward power that was unable to deal fairly with Cuba.
American Catholics were divided before the war began, but supported it enthusiastically once it started. Shipping firms that had relied heavily on trade with Cuba now suffered losses as the conflict continued unresolved. Other American business concerns, specifically those who had invested in Cuban sugar, looked to the Spanish to restore order.
How stability would be achieved would depend largely on the ability of Spain and the U. An American cartoon published in JudgeFebruary 6, Columbia representing the American people reaches out to the oppressed Cuba the caption under the chained child reads "Spain's 16th Century methods" while Uncle Sam representing the U.
While tension increased among the Cubans and Spanish Government, popular support of intervention began to spring up in the United States, due to the emergence of the "Cuba Libre" movement and the fact that many Americans had drawn parallels between the American Revolution and the Cuban revolt, seeing the Spanish Government as the tyrannical colonial oppressor.
Such was the sense of the public mood. In accordance with this policy, McKinley began to negotiate with the Spanish government, hoping that the negotiations would be able to end the yellow journalism in the United States, and therefore, end the loudest calls to go to war with Spain.
An attempt was made to negotiate a peace before McKinley took office, however, the Spanish refused to take part in the negotiations. In McKinley appointed Stewart L. Woodford as the new minister to Spain, who again offered to negotiate a peace.
In Octoberthe Spanish government still refused the United States offer to negotiate between the Spanish and the Cubans, but promised the U. First, the new Spanish government told the United States that it was willing to offer a change in the Reconcentration policies the main set of policies that was feeding yellow journalism in the United States if the Cuban rebels agreed to a cessation of hostilities.
This time the rebels refused the terms in hopes that continued conflict would lead to U. This action alarmed many Cubans loyal to Spain. State Department to send a U.
While Maine was docked in Havana, an explosion sank the ship. The sinking of Maine was blamed on the Spanish and made the possibility of a negotiated peace very slim.
Naval forces were moved in position to attack simultaneously on several fronts if the war was not avoided. Others were also moved just off the shore of Lisbon, and still others were moved to Hong Kong.
While McKinley urged patience and did not declare that Spain had caused the explosion, the deaths of out of  sailors on board focused American attention. Most American leaders took the position that the cause of the explosion was unknown, but public attention was now riveted on the situation and Spain could not find a diplomatic solution to avoid war.
Spain appealed to the European powers, most of whom advised it to accept U. Navy's investigation, made public on March 28, concluded that the ship's powder magazines were ignited when an external explosion was set off under the ship's hull.
This report poured fuel on popular indignation in the US, making the war inevitable. Other investigations in later years came to various contradictory conclusions, but had no bearing on the coming of the war.After temporarily resolving the problems of Reconstruction and Industrialization, Americans began to resume the course of expansion.
The horrors of the Civil War had interrupted the original Manifest Destiny that began in the s. After temporarily resolving the problems of Reconstruction and Industrialization, Americans began to resume the course of expansion. The horrors of the Civil War had interrupted the original Manifest Destiny that began in the s.
The American Revolutionary War (–), also known as the American War of Independence, was an 18th-century war between Great Britain and its Thirteen Colonies (allied with France) which declared independence as the United States of America..
After , growing philosophical and political differences strained the relationship between Great Britain and its colonies.
Spanish-American War, (), conflict between the United States and Spain that ended Spanish colonial rule in the Americas and resulted in U.S. acquisition of territories in .
The Philippine-American War was an armed military conflict between the United States of America and the nascent First Philippine Republic, fought between until at least The conflict arose from a Filipino political struggle against the U.S. occupation of the Philippines following the Spanish-American monstermanfilm.com is also known as the Philippine .
The American Empire. By Wade Frazier. Revised July Purpose and Disclaimer.
Timeline. Introduction. The New World Before “Discovery,” and the First Contacts.